Programming language comparisons raise the most flame wars on blogs and forums. Each developer rooting for his favorite language and deriding all the others. Most comparisons are like comparing apples-to-oranges, devoid of any logic, and arguments frequently hinging on ad-hoc rationalization and technical naïveté.
Seldom do we see any empirical evidence backing up the claims. This is one of the reasons I rarely become part of the ‘my-language-is-better’ rigmarole. The most comprehensive empirical study on programming language comparisons I found was at http://www.plat-forms.org/.
The detailed results are yet to come, but you can draw your conclusions from whatever data is currently available.
Chapter 14 – Two comparisons of Programming Language from Making software.