Taking screenshos of websites is not a frequent requirement for developers but can come handy on many occasions. Although there are some nice solutions on the web, a particular one I found very good is wkhtmltoimage.
To get started we need to first download and install the shell program wkhtmltoimage. Select the appropriate binaries for your platform. As I’m using Ubuntu 10, I downloaded the complied binary ‘wkhtmltoimage-0.10.0_rc2-static-i386.tar.bz2′. Extract it to a appropriate folder and you are ready to go.
The simplest way to get a snapshot of a url is through the following:
wkhtmltoimage http://www.bbc.com bbc.jpg
This will fetch the www.bbc.com index page and save it as a jpg image. Below are a few websites rendered using the wkhtmltoimage tool.
wkhtmltoimage comes with a plethora of options, a few are shown below, more options can be found in the documentation.
The default output quality of the program is set to ’94′ which can make the size of some images a lot bigger, but you can change it to your liking using the below option.
wkhtmltoimage --quality 50 http://www.bbc.com bbc.jpg
Also by default all the images on a page are rendered in the final image, but you can disable images in the final screen-shot using the following:
wkhtmltoimage --no-images http://www.bbc.com bbc.jpg
You can also set the output height and width of the image (in pixels) as below.
wkhtmltoimage --height 600 --width 1800 http://www.bbc.com bbc.jpg
or crop the image to a specified size;
wkhtmltoimage --crop-h 300 --crop-w 300 --crop-x 0 --crop-y 0 www.bbc.com bbc.jpg
Although this is not a pure PHP solution for taking screen shots, you can wrap the final command in a shell_exec function or download the ‘snappy’ PHP5 wrapper from below. The original library is located here, but as the source keeps changing the examples given here do not work, so use the library given below.
shell_exec('./wkhtmltoimage --quality 50 http://www.bbc.com bbc.jpg');
Below is a short code using ‘snappy’ to take a screen-shot of bbc.com.
<?php /* Tested on Ubuntu 10.0.4, requires PHP 5.3 */ namespace Knplabs\Snappy; require_once('Knplabs/Snappy/Media.php'); require_once('Knplabs/Snappy/Image.php'); /* 'wkhtmltoimage' executable is located in the current directory */ $snap = new Image('./wkhtmltoimage'); /* Displays the bbc.com website index page screen-shot in the browser */ header("Content-Type: image/jpeg"); $snap->output('http://www.bbc.com'); ?>
and with a few options added…
<?php /* Tested on Ubuntu 10.0.4, requires PHP 5.3 */ namespace Knplabs\Snappy; require_once('Knplabs/Snappy/Media.php'); require_once('Knplabs/Snappy/Image.php'); $options = array('zoom' => 0.5, 'no-images' => true); /* 'wkhtmltoimage' executable is located in the current directory */ $snap = new Image('./wkhtmltoimage-i386',$options); /* Displays the bbc.com website index page screen-shot in the browser */ header("Content-Type: image/jpeg"); $snap->output('http://www.bbc.com'); ?>
In my opinion you should play with the shell program first till you get to know the complete options and only than use the ‘snappy’ PHP wrapper.
In closing here is the snapshot of my site ,rendered at 50% quality (click to zoom).
This site is a digital habitat of Sameer, a freelance web developer working in PHP & MySQL.More